The differences in crafts vary by skill and materials used. There are five types
of crafts which include textile, functional, fashion, paper and decorative. If you are interested in working
with fabrics which will include synthetic, yarn or surface design, an introduction to textile crafts will help
familiarize you with the various components of this trade.
Examples of Textile Crafts
The term “textile” comes from the Latin word taxere which means “to weave”. Textile crafts include quilts and
bedding, clothing and home furnishings such as curtains, pillows, rugs and shams. Historically textiles have
enhanced and impacted our economy in many ways.
The craft is one of the oldest as it dates as far back as the Neolithic age where originally twigs, leaves,
branches and other natural fibers were woven together. Spinning materials such as wool was introduced later in the
In spite of our advanced technology and machine operated spinning wheels, there is still a major industry which
centers on the handlooms. These handcrafted artisans still retain popularity as unique and intricate fabrics are
Knitting is a craft using yarn, needles and patterns to create many possibilities. Some of these include,
clothing such as sweaters, skirts, scarves, wraps, hats and gloves. Home décor is another industry where knitted
goods are found which includes accent pillows, shams, pot holders and more. The art of knitting comes into play
with the use of various colors, shapes, sizes and patterns to create a finished product.
Using fabric rather than yarn is a popular craft learned by many people. You can sew just about anything
involving fabric. Popular items to create are clothing, household items such as place settings, curtains, pillows
or holiday items.
You can also easily sew small backpacks, purses, wallets, scarves, Halloween costumes and wall hangings. The
options are limitless as the range of fabrics and prints available are enormous. You can also learn to sew felt
crafts for children’s art projects or holiday décor.
Dyeing and Printing
One great option with textile crafts is the ability to create your own
fabric colors through the use of dyes available on the market. Dyes can be purchased in almost any color and
you can create fabric patterns or choose to dye clothing or other already created item. There are several
popular techniques for doing this including tie-dye.
Embroidering and Needlework
This is a beautiful craft to learn as it enhances and embellishes textiles magnificently. Embroidery and
needlework allows an artist to add intricate details, flourishes and accents to fabric. This adds a personal touch
and creates something which is unique and beautiful.
The beginning of this form can be seen in the Renaissance and medieval times when opulent embroidery could be
seen on the clothing of royalty. Décor including tablecloths were richly enhanced with detail and showcased the
status of that person’s home and interior.
If you are considering learning the many ways you can work with fabrics and these types of materials, this
introduction to textile crafts will give you an idea of the various explorations to consider. There are many ways
you can benefit from knowing how to create the most essential items to the most luxurious out of nature’s