Tikuli is a term for Bindi. Historically, the Bindi has been used as a symbol of intellectual devotion and women’s modesty preservation. However, in modern Bihar, it’s become a sign of women’s empowerment. Making these artworks is a time-consuming and difficult procedure. The method requires fifteen steps, from cutting the board in various sizes to painting strong black lines in 1 stroke for perfection and smoothness. The paintings are created with fine brushes and vibrant colors.
History of Tikuli Art
Tikuli is a well-known art style that originated in (Patna) 800 decades ago. Tikuli relates to the Bindi that Indian ladies wear between their eyebrows. It is a one-of-a-kind art style known for its intricate processes. Originally, the glass was melted in a bubble shape in the furnace. By the use of special equipment, it was shaped as per the requirements once it had cooled down. Then it was covered in goldwork. Images of flowers, foliage, goddesses and gods, were painted with various colors using sharp pencils before being coated using wood glue. As a result, the method of developing this artwork was previously extremely hard and time-consuming.
Tikuli Art on Hardboard
Tikuli art is currently mostly done on a form of wood called a hardboard. Each hardboard is sliced into a variety of forms before being coated with brush enamel. Every layer of paint is rubbed with sandpaper to give it additional shine and perfection. After that, the painting is done on the boards using a (000) size brush. The design part of this artwork is challenging because it is done on a hardboard, but the result is amazing. The impact of Mithila paintings on Tikuli art may clearly be shown.
Used by Queens
Tikuli was mostly utilized by queens and aristocratic women in the past. The Mughals admired and appreciated this art form. Beautiful handcrafted Tikuli was once considered a prized treasure of women. This art is now combined with Madhubani paintings to create ornamental wall paintings, table mats, coasters, trays, and a variety of other items. This has extended the range of this artwork and the artists’ creative capabilities. The combination has given the product a new appeal and increased economic worth, making this uncommon Bihar artwork skill in high demand.
It requires melting glass, drying it into a thin sheet, creating and adding a pattern in distinctive hues, and then embellishing it with gold wire and pearls. Queens and aristocratic ladies of the past primarily favored Tikulis. Gems were placed on gold leaves according to the social position of the ladies, and these lovely Bindis were a happy possession of Indian ladies.
Best Skill of Bihar Village People
But the specialization became a victim of industrial growth, with “Bindis” made with machines hitting the business sector. After years of obscurity, the skill of tikuli creation is showing indications of rebirth as an art form and a viable economic opportunity for poor people in Bihar towns. The main difference nowadays is that rather than gracing the foreheads of Indian women, tikulis are already decorating walls and furniture not just in India but around the world.
Common Symbols in Bhojpuri and Nepali Folk Music
Tikuli is also a common symbol in Bhojpuri and Nepali folk music. It has been adopted as a symbol of joyful married life and the identification of a married woman in several Hindi literary works. The (Santhal tribe) of Bihar still wears Tikuli as part of their tribal jewelry. Village festivals occasionally have glass tikuli used as bindis. It is a historical Royal craft that is still quite attractive today.
The unique design of tikuli artwork makes it a very attractive selling item. The themes mostly include stories from (Krishna’s life), as well as weddings or other Bihar traditions. As a result, it is critical to maintain and revive these shapes from India’s cultural history. Some works of art have a huge amount of cultural significance and a strong tradition. It could also be seen as a way of empowering female artists because these artworks are predominantly made by women. It suffices to say that it is the best time to take the essential precautions to prevent this painting from being a lost art.